Metronidazole for dogs is administered to treat a wide range of bacterial infections and diseases caused with certain protozoa. The medicine is prescribed as key treatment or is applied in complex treatment of diseases. The cure is a prescription one. It is now allowed to give the medicine to dogs without prior visiting veterinarian and getting precise instructions on treatment. From this review you will find out why you must not give your dog Metronidazole without prescription from veterinarian, how to give the drug to dug, what side effects are probable.
Why you must not give Metronidazole without prescription?
Metronidazole is a potent antibiotic which treats infections and inflammations caused with bacteria and protozoa. Pets can not explain their symptoms, you judge on a disease considering the changes in health condition, behaviour and appetite. Surely, there are certain warning symptoms as diarrhea, bloody or black stool, frequent vomiting, fever, etc.
Apathy or unwillingness to play, avoiding contact with family, sleepiness are commonly interpreted as symptoms of a disease, however dogs suffer from mood changes as well. Moreover their behaviour is conditioned with hormonal changes and instinctive sexual desires which animals are unfortunately unable to control.
Warning! Not every behavioural change is a symptom of disease. Not every veterinarian can interpret symptoms of dogs diseases correctly.
What diseases does Metronidazole for dogs treat?
Metronidazole as for pets so for humans is an antiprotozoal antibiotic applied for treatment of various inflammatory infectious diseases and conditions caused with certain types of bacteria and protozoa. In pets the drug commonly used to treat intestinal inflammations and digestive disorders of bacterial or/and protozoal origin. The drug is also applied to treat dental infections.
Metronidazole is preferable due to evident benefits:
- it is commonly well tolerable – if a dog experiences side effects from the drug, they will be present immediately. According to reviews of dog owners, side effects after Metronidazole are extremely rare;
- it effectively treats bowel inflammations – the share of successful recoveries reaches 87%;
- effectively stops diarrhea of different origin – the symptom which is essential to stop as frequent discharge leads to complete dehydration of your pet and to inevitable death;
- effectively treats dental diseases – which are fairly frequent for active dogs playing with sticks.
How Metronidazole for dogs works?
Metronidazole penetrates into DNA structure of a bacteria and prevents it from further replication. By doing so it just stops bacteria from further growth and contamination of the dog’s body. The drug is effective against anaerobic type of bacteria – these bacteria survive without oxygen. This type of bacteria is extremely dangerous as the micro-organisms are able to penetrate into tooth and bone tissues and ruin teeth and bones from inside. Moreover this antibiotic provides anti-inflammatory effect and provides fast relief of symptoms right from the first intakes.
What I need to know about Metronidazole for dogs before treatment?
Metronidazole can cause diarrhea as it kills not only bad bacteria but also affects useful bacteria forming the flora of the intestine. The drug is a must have in all home medical boxes and is the first aid medicine if a dog has diarrhea. It is a common mistake to give a dog Metronidazole to stop diarrhea.
Yes, this medicine prevents diarrhea which is caused with certain type of bacteria.
No, Metronidazole for dogs will not be effective if diarrhea is a symptom of a non-infectious disease or dysfunction.
Warning! Do not give your dog Metronidazole in case your pet has blood in stool or the discharge features elements of mucus. These are the symptoms of severe damages of intestine walls and require immediate vet help.
Metronidazole is not approved by FDA for dogs, however veterinarians often use human medicines in treatment of pets. This is normal. However the drug features different dosing for pets. Some sources recommend to give Metronidazole measuring up to 20mg of the drug per every 1kg of body mass. Mind that in this case you will overdose your dog. Antibiotics are never given in such massive dosages otherwise they will severely damage the intestine.
How veterinarians decide on dosage of Metronidazole for pets?
Pet doctors estimate the next factors when prescribing treatment:
- pet age and sex
- chronic diseases
- recent conditions
- experienced surgeries
- severity of the symptoms
- lab tests of blood and urine to estimate the type of bacteria causing the disease and the scale of contamination
You must warn pet doctor on chronic conditions as allergy or epilepsy and report such conditions as pregnancy, breastfeeding, liver or kidney diseases.
The pet doctor will warn you on possible changes in symptoms and pet behaviour and will tell which of them are considered to be a norm and which require immediate treatment correction.
How to give Metronidazole for dogs?
Metronidazole must be given to a dog in exact dosages prescribed by pet doctor. Some dog owners desire to recover their pets asap and give their dogs Metronidazole in larger dosages. Please, stop! Do not harm your dog. Metronidazole as antibiotic causes pain in stomach and belly cramps. Your dog will suffer from pain and you will consider this to be a symptom of disease worsening.
In order to measure the efficacy of the drug, you will need to pass blood tests regularly. Visit vet clinic regularly and get tests done until the pet doctor sees certain changes as worsening or improving of the condition.
Please, do not stop the medicine if you see sufficient improvements in the conditions of your dog. The matter is that Metronidazole for dogs relieves inflammation and your dog may feel much better. But this does not mean that the pet is completely recovered.
When to contact the pet doctor?
When noticing the next symptoms, please, stop giving Metronidazole to your dog and contact pet doctor as soon as possible:
- impaired breathing
- increased heartbeat
- swelling of tongue and its change of colour (especially turning white or blue)
- sores in the mouth
- loss of balance
However we recommend to visit pet clinic asap as you notice atypical symptoms and behaviour of your pet.